World Population Report 2021 – UNFPA
♦ This is the first time that the UN report focuses on the autonomy of the body, which is defined as the power and institution that has the right to make choices about your body without worrying about violence or having other people make decisions for you.
♦ The principle of physical integrity explains the rights of everyone, including children, to autonomy and self-determination in their bodies. It believes that unauthorized human intervention is a violation of human rights.
♦ Traditionally, this principle has been proposed for acts of torture, inhuman treatment and enforced disappearance, but personal integrity may be applicable to a wide range of human rights violations, which also affects the civil rights of children.
♦ United Nations Population Fund: It is a subsidiary organ of the UN General Assembly (UNGA) and works as a sexual and reproductive health agency. In 1967, UNPFA was established as a trust fund began operations in 1969. It was officially renamed the United Nations Population Fund in 1987 but the original abbreviation, ‘UNFPA’ for the United Nations Fund for Population Activities was retained.