Women and Men in India 2020

In Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh states, the highest number of women participating in Panchayati Raj institutions was observed.

Women and Men in India 2020 – NSO Report

05 April 2021 Current Affairs:The National Bureau of Statistics under the Ministry of Statistics and Planning and Implementation (MoSPI) recently released the “Indian Men and Women” report. The report consolidates important socio-economic indicators that reflect the gender situation in the country. This is the 22nd issue of the series. The report is published annually by MoSPI.
Highlights:
♦ The estimated population of India in 2021 is 13.613 million. The sex ratio increased from 933 in 2001 to 943 in 2011.
♦ Delhi has the highest increase in the sex ratio, followed by Chandigarh in Arunachal Pradesh. On the other hand, the sex ratios of Daman and Diu have fallen the most.
♦ Women between the ages of 25-29 years have the highest age-specific fertility rate at 146.4.
♦ The infant mortality rate dropped from 39 years in 2014 to 32 years in 2018. The maternal mortality rate dropped from 212 in 2007-09 to 113 in 2016-18.  The total fertility rate in rural India in 2018 was 2.3. In 2018, it was 1.7 in urban areas.
♦ The adolescent birth rate dropped from 13 in 2017 to 12.2 in 2018. According to the National Family Health Survey 5 (NFHS-5), almost 100% of institutional births have been observed in Goa, Kerala, and Lakshadweep states. The HIV incidence rate per 1,000 people dropped from 0.07 in 2017 to 0.05 in 2019.
♦ The literacy rate in India increased from 73 in 2011 to 77.7 in 2017. Rajasthan, UP, has the highest gender gap in literacy rates. Only 8.3% of 15-year-old women completed the graduation ceremony. On the other hand, 12.8% of men of the same age have completed graduation. 8% of female students receive education that meets the tenth standard.
♦ According to the 2018-19 regular labor force survey, the labor force ratio in rural areas is 52.1 for men and 19 for women. In urban areas, males are 52.7 and females are 14.5.
♦ The 15-year-old female population has the highest average hourly wages in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (147 rupees per hour). Next is Lakshadweep in Nagaland. The lowest are the states/UT in Dammam and Diu, Odisha.
♦ The 15-year-old male population has the highest average hourly wage, the highest in Lakshadweep (121 rupees per hour).
♦ By 2020, the proportion of women in the Central Council of Ministers will be 9.26%. In the 2019 Lok Sabha election, there were 437.8 million female voters. Compared with the 2014 general election (397 million), this number is even higher.
♦ In Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh states, the highest number of women participating in Panchayati Raj institutions was observed.
 

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