US Rejoined Paris Climate Deal Officially

22 February 2021 Current Affairs:The United States (US) officially rejoined the “Paris Climate Agreement” on February 19, 2020. After leaving office 107 days, the United States rejoined the agreement. 

Highlights:
♦ With the re-entry of the United States, world leaders expect that the country will now prove its seriousness largely absent for four years. 
♦ The two countries are still waiting for Washington to announce the United States’ goal of reducing emissions of heat-collecting gas by 2030. 
♦ US President Joe Biden signed an executive order to overturn the order of former President Donald Trump. 
♦ In 2019, the Donald Trump administration announced its withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. Due to the provisions of the agreement, the order came into effect on November 4, 2020. 
♦ The Paris Climate Agreement is an agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The agreement was signed in 2016 and involves climate change mitigation, adaptation and financing.
♦ The Paris agreement was negotiated by representatives of about 196 states. The paris agreement was signed at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the French “United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.” 
♦ The agreement was later passed by consensus in December 2015. Currently, 190 members of the “Convention” are parties to the agreement. Countries such as Turkey, Iran and Iraq have not joined. 
♦ According to the Paris Agreement, there is a long-term goal to keep the average temperature below 2°C above the pre-industrial level. It also tried to limit the temperature to 1.5°C. This will help reduce the risks and impacts of climate change. 
♦ The agreement further aims to improve the ability of all parties to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. It also seeks to make money flow towards low-greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.
 

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