The Sitanadi-Udanti Tiger Reserve was established in 2008-09 and is a combination of two separate reserves (Udanti and Sitanadi Wildlife Reserve).
Tribals Protesting in Sitanadi Udanti Tiger Reserve – Forest Resource Rights
27 February 2021 Current Affairs:Thousands of tribes living in villages in the core area of Sitanadi Udanti Tiger Reserve are protesting and demanding recognition of their community’s forest resource rights. Community Forest Resources (CFR) rights are granted under the 2006 Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Residents (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act.
♦ The tiger reserve is based on a core/buffer strategy. The core area has the legal status of a national park or nature reserve, while the buffer zone or peripheral area is a mixture of forest and non-forest land and is managed as a multi-purpose area.
♦ The 2006 Forest Rights Act (FRA) recognizes and vests the forest rights and occupation of the Forest Dwelling Scheduled Tribes (FDST) and other traditional forest Dwellers (OTFD) who have lived in the forest for generations.
♦ It strengthens the forest protection system, while ensuring the livelihood and food security of FDST and OTFD.
♦ Gram Sabha is responsible for initiating the determination of the nature and scope of individual forest rights (IFR) or community forest rights (CFR) or both, which can be granted to FDST and OTFD.
♦ Personal rights: including self-cultivation and residency rights.
♦ Community rights: such as grazing in the forest, fishing and contact with water bodies, the right of habitation of particularly vulnerable tribal groups, the right to protect, regenerate or conserve or manage any community forest resources for sustainable use, etc.
♦ Community forest resource rights: These are the rights of Adivasi and OTFD to the conventional common forest land within the traditional or customary boundaries of the village, or the seasonal use of the landscape in the herder community.
♦ These can be recognized on any forest land, including reserved forests, protected forests, and protected areas such as protected areas and national parks.
Sitanadi Udanti Tiger Reserve:
The Sitanadi-Udanti Tiger Reserve was established in 2008-09 and is a combination of two separate reserves (Udanti and Sitanadi Wildlife Reserve). It is located in Gariaband district of Chhattisgarh State. It contains various types of forest crops mixed with the Sal forest. The Asian wild buffalo is the main endangered species found in the core area. In addition to tigers, other rare species that are endangered include Indian wolves, leopards, sloth bears and mouse deer. The Sitanadi River originates in the middle of the Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary. The Udanti River flows from west to east and covers most of the Udanti Wildlife Reserve. Other tiger reserves in Chhattisgarh are Achanakmar Tiger Reserve and Indravati Tiger Reserve.