State of the Global Climate Report 2020

21 April 2021 Current Affairs:The World Meteorological Organisation launched the “State of the Global Climate 2020” report. Starting from 2011 to 2020 was the warmest decade in record.

Key Findings:
♦ COVID-19 and severe climate events were double blow to tens of millions in the world.
♦ The Cyclone Amphan is the most costly tropical cyclone on record in the North Indian Ocean. The Cyclone made a landfall in May 2020 close to India-Bangladesh border. The monetary losses in India due to the cyclone is approximately 14 billion USD. The year 2020 is one of the three warmest years on record.
♦ The extend in world average temperature as of 2020 was once 1.2 degree Celsius as compared to the pre-industrial levels. Pre-industrial degrees refer to the length earlier than 1850. The extend has took place regardless of the cooling impact of La-Nina in 2020.
♦ India had one of its two wettest monsoon seasons on the grounds that 1994. The common rainfall between June and September was once 9% above the long-term average.
♦ Around 2,000 deaths had been pronounced at some stage in monsoon seasons due to flooding, landslides and heavy rains.
♦ The world common carbon dioxide concentrations have exceeded 410 parts per million. This is 148% higher than the pre-industrial levels.
♦ Only 59 countries that symbolize 54% of international emissions have framed their net-zero targets. Of these solely six nations have legislations on net-zero emissions. Seven international locations had been categorised as “critically insufficient”. The pledges of these international locations will lead to four levels expand in temperatures. This consists of US and Russia.
♦ India, Costa Rica, Bhutan and Philippines are compliant with Paris Agreement according to Climate Action Tracker.
♦ The World Meteorological Organisation is publishing the document due to the fact that 1993. The file mostly files indicators of climate system such as increasing land and ocean temperatures, greenhouse gas concentrations, melting ice, sea-level increase, glacier pull away and extreme weather. The document additionally highlights the influences of local weather change on socio-economic development, food security, migration and marine ecosystems.

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