The worst performing states are Bihar, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Uttar Pradesh.
State of Environment Report 2021 – CSE
27 February 2021 Current Affairs:The Center for Science and Environment (CSE) released the ” State of Environment Report, 2021 “.
Impact by Covid 19:
♦ The biggest concern: India will usher in a “pandemic generation”, 375 million children (from newborns to 14 years old) may suffer long-term effects.
♦ Challenges can range from underweight, stunting and rising child mortality, to a decline in education and work efficiency.
♦ More than 500 million children are forced to drop out of school globally, and India accounts for more than half of them.
♦ The epidemic may plunge another 115 million people into extreme poverty, most of whom live in South Asia.
♦ In terms of sustainable development, India ranks 117th out of 192 countries, which is currently second only to all South Asian countries except Pakistan.
State of environment:
♦ Between 2009 and 2018, India’s air, water and land pollution became more serious.
♦ Among the country’s 88 major industrial clusters, 35 showed deterioration in the overall environment, 33 showed deterioration in air quality, 45 had serious water pollution, and in 17 had land pollution worsened.
♦ Tarapur in Maharashtra has become the most polluted area.
♦ These data clearly show that for many years, even in areas that have been identified as severe or severely polluted, there has been a lack of actions to control and reduce pollution.
Performance of various states:
♦ When ranking based on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals:
♦ The best performing States are Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
♦ The worst performing states are Bihar, Jharkhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Uttar Pradesh.