Arktika-M: This satellite is one of a series of remote sensing and emergency communications satellites in the Russian plan.
Russia Launched 1st Arctic-monitoring Satellite
02 March 2021 Current Affairs:Russia Launched 1st Arctic-monitoring SatelliteThe Russian space agency Roscosmos has successfully launched the first Arctic monitoring satellite, which will monitor the climate and environment of the Arctic.
♦ The space agency launched the Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket, which also carries the Arktika-M satellite. The rocket was blown up at the Baikonur International Space Airport in Kazakhstan on February 28, 2021.
♦ In order to solve operational meteorological and hydrological problems, it is necessary to develop such a satellite system in a highly elliptical orbit to collect information.
♦ The satellite will also monitor the climate and environment in the Arctic region. It will also provide continuous round-the-clock surveillance of Russia’s northern territory.
♦ The Arktika-M satellite will also send an overview image of the Earth’s Arctic and neighboring regions every 15 to 30 minutes.
♦ Arktika-M: This satellite is one of a series of remote sensing and emergency communications satellites in the Russian plan. The satellite orbits in a highly elliptical 12-hour orbit. A constellation of two Arktika-M satellites was also designed to monitor the high latitudes of the earth. The satellite will be based on the Lavochkin Elektro-L weather satellite. The satellite’s payload includes MSU-GSM multi-spectral imagers and transmitters for weather systems and rescue systems. The first launch of the satellite is scheduled for 2013, but it has been postponed and launch in 2021.
♦ Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities (Roscosmos): It is a state-owned company of the Russian Federation engaged in space flight, aerospace research and space programs. Roscosmos appeared after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It was originally established as the Russian Space Agency in 1992. Roscosmos is headquartered in Moscow. Its main mission control center is located in the nearby city of Korolyov.