Royal Bengal Tiger Sighted

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13 December 2021 Current Affairs:A camera trap found at Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) in Alipurduar district of West Bengal has captured sight of a Royal Bengal tiger, that the region has not witnessed in more than 20 years.

Highlights:

  • After confirming the Tiger sighting, the field director of the Buxa Reserve, Buddharaj Shewa, announced that 70 more trap cameras are prepared to line up, additionally to 150 already in situ.
  • The sighting of the Bengal tiger is vital because, For 23 years within the Buxa Reserve, no tiger has been photographed. They photographed the last known tiger in 1998.

Buxa Tiger Reserve

  • Buxa Tiger Reserve is found in northern West Bengal, which covers a neighborhood of 760 km. 
  • It varies from 60 m in Gangetic Plains to 1,750 m adjoining the Himalayas within the north. 
  • The reserve is abode to around 284 bird species. It’s also a household to mammals like the Asian elephant, gaur, clouded leopard, Sambar deer, and Indian leopard.
  • Buxa Tiger Reserve was founded as the 15th tiger reserve of India in 1983.
  • Along the northern side of the reserve, the Sinchula hill range is found while it shares the eastern boundary with Assam state. 
  • National Highway No.31 C around runs across the reserve’s southern boundary.

The Royal Bengal tiger 

  • The Royal Bengal tiger belongs to a distinct population of the tiger Tigris subspecies, born to the Indian subcontinent. 
  • The tiger is endangered by poaching and part of its habitat. 
  • India’s tiger population was 2,603–3,346 individuals in 2018. 300–500 tigers are found in Bangladesh, 220–274 in Nepal, and 103 in Bhutan. Within the red list of IUCN, it’s been recorded as an endangered category.

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