Reducing Risk of Zoonosis in Food Production

16 April 2021 Current Affairs:The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health and the United Nations Environment Programme have laid down fresh guidelines for governments to limit the threat of transmission of zoonotic pathogens to people in meals production and marketing chains.

Highlights:
♦ Covid-19 has brought new attention to this threat, given the magnitude of its consequences.
♦ A zoonosis is an infectious sickness that jumps from a non-human animal to humans.
♦ Zoonotic pathogens may also be bacterial, viral or parasitic.
♦ They can unfold to people through direct contact or through food, water and the environment.
♦ Animals, especially wild animals, are the source of greater than 70% of all emerging infectious illnesses in humans, many of which are precipitated with the aid of novel viruses.
♦ Most rising infectious ailments – such as Lassa fever, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Nipah viral infections and different viral illnesses – have wildlife origins.
♦ Significant problems can occur when ordinary meals markets permit the sale and slaughter of live animals, in particular wild animals, which cannot be top assessed for attainable dangers – in areas open to the public.
♦ Such environments supply the opportunity for animal viruses, along with coronaviruses, to amplify themselves and transmit to new hosts, which include humans.
♦ India is amongst the pinnacle geographical hotspots the place zoonotic ailments are a important public health trouble inflicting excessive burden of morbidity and mortality.
 

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