Reducing Risk of Zoonosis in Food Production
♦ Covid-19 has brought new attention to this threat, given the magnitude of its consequences.
♦ A zoonosis is an infectious sickness that jumps from a non-human animal to humans.
♦ Zoonotic pathogens may also be bacterial, viral or parasitic.
♦ They can unfold to people through direct contact or through food, water and the environment.
♦ Animals, especially wild animals, are the source of greater than 70% of all emerging infectious illnesses in humans, many of which are precipitated with the aid of novel viruses.
♦ Most rising infectious ailments – such as Lassa fever, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Nipah viral infections and different viral illnesses – have wildlife origins.
♦ Significant problems can occur when ordinary meals markets permit the sale and slaughter of live animals, in particular wild animals, which cannot be top assessed for attainable dangers – in areas open to the public.
♦ Such environments supply the opportunity for animal viruses, along with coronaviruses, to amplify themselves and transmit to new hosts, which include humans.
♦ India is amongst the pinnacle geographical hotspots the place zoonotic ailments are a important public health trouble inflicting excessive burden of morbidity and mortality.