Raptor Species are Under Threat

08 September 2021 Current Affairs:According to research done recently, around 30% of the 557 raptor species around the world are threatened by extinction to some degree. It is an evaluation by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and BirdLife International (a international partnership of conservation organisations (NGOs)).

Highlights:
♦ A raptor is a bird of prey. A bird of prey is a carnivore (meat-eater) that kills and eats mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects, rodents, and other birds.
♦ All raptors have a hooked beak, robust feet with sharp talons, keen eyesight, and a carnivorous diet.
♦ Raptors prey on a large variety of vertebrates & thus, facilitate long-distance seed dispersal. This indirectly increases seed production & pest control.
♦ These birds of prey are predators at the top of the meal chain; due to the fact threats like pesticides, habitat loss, and local weather alternate have the most dramatic influence on top predators and these are referred to as indicator species.
♦ Indonesia has the most raptor species, followed with the aid of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Reason of Threat:
♦ Diclofenac Usage: Some vulture populations have declined by over 95% in Asian international locations such as India due to the fact of the sizable use of diclofenac.
♦ Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
♦ Deforestation: The population of Philippine eagles, the biggest range of eagles in the world, diminished hastily in the remaining many years due to substantial deforestation.
♦ The Philippine Eagle is Critically Endangered beneath the IUCN Red List.
♦ Poisoning and Shooting: In Africa, vulture populations have diminished by means of an average of 95% in rural areas over the last thirty years as the end result of capturing and poisoning through feeding on carcasses of farm animals treated with diclofenac.
♦ Habitat Loss and Degradation: The Annobon scops-owl, limited to Annobon Island off West Africa, was once classified as ‘critically endangered’ underneath the IUCN Red List because of speedy habitat loss & degradation.
Conservation:
♦ Raptors MoU (signed Globally): The Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia is additionally recognised as Raptors MoU. It is an agreement below Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS). CMS or Bonn Convention provides an international platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. It is now not legally binding.
♦ India is a signatory to Raptors MoU. India has also launched a Vulture Action Plan 2020-25 for the conservation of vultures. India is additionally a part of the SAVE – Saving Asia’s Vultures from Extinction consortium. The Jatayu ♦ Conservation Breeding Centre located in Haryana is the world’s biggest facility inside the state’s Bir Shikargah Wildlife Sanctuary to breed and conserve Indian vulture species.
 

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