President Awards Vir Chakra, Kirti Chakra And Shaurya Chakra

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23 November 2021 Current Affairs:Vir Chakra, Kirti Chakra, and Shaurya Chakra are presented by President Ram Nath Kovind at the Rashtrapathi Bhavan.

Highlights:
♦ In a Defence Investiture Ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhavan, President of India Ram Nath Kovind bestowed Gallantry Awards and Distinguished Service Decorations.
♦ The Government of India established the Gallantry Awards to recognise the courage and sacrifice of officers and members of the Armed Forces, as well as other legitimately organised forces and citizens. 
♦ These honours are given in the following order: Vir Chakra, Kirti Chakra, and Shaurya Chakra.
♦ The President normally bestows the coveted awards to the awardees/Next-of-Kins (NoKs) at the Defence Investiture Ceremony, which takes place every year at the Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi. 
♦ The bravery awards are given out twice a year, first on Republic Day and again on Independence Day. 
♦ Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Mahavir Chakra, Kirti Chakra, Vir Chakra, and Shaurya Chakra are the honours in order of precedence.

Vir Chakra:
♦ President Ram Nath Kovind awarded Group Captain Abhinandan Varthaman the Vir Chakra for his part in driving Pakistan’s fighter planes back in February 2019. 
♦ Wing Commander at the time was Abhinandan Varthaman. On February 27, 2019, he shot down a Pakistani F-16 fighter plane in the subsequent aerial duel.

Kirti Chakra
♦ President Ram Nath Kovind awarded Sapper Prakash Jadhav the second-highest peacetime gallantry medal, the Kirti Chakra (posthumously), for neutralising terrorists during an operation in Jammu and Kashmir.  The honour was given to his wife and mother.

Shaurya Chakra
♦ Major Vibhuti Shankar Dhoundiyal received the Shaurya Chakra (posthumously) for his involvement in an operation that resulted in the elimination of five terrorists and the recovery of 200 kg of bomb material. The honour was given to his mother and wife, Lt Nitika Kaul. 
♦ For murdering an A++ category terrorist during an operation in Jammu and Kashmir, Naib Subedar Sombir received the Shaurya Chakra posthumously. Suman Devi, his wife, and Rajendra Devi, his mother, were also honoured.
♦ Major Maheshkumar Bhure, an alumnus of Sainik School Satara, was also awarded the Shaurya Chakra by the President. According to the citation, Major Bhure oversaw an operation that resulted in the deaths of six key terrorist commanders.
 

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