The Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Kerala received training for tiger cubs for the first time in the country to enable them to hunt naturally in a forest environment.
♦ It falls in the Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala (located in the southern region of the Western Ghats).
♦ It was declared a protected area in 1950 and a Tiger Reserve in 1978. Its name is taken from the Periyar River, which originated inside the reserve.
♦ The main rivers passing through the reserve are the Mullayar and Periyar rivers.
♦ The protected area includes tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forest and grassland.
♦ There are approximately 1966 species of flowering plants growing in this reserve.
♦ About 516 of them are endemic to the Western Ghats.
♦ The sanctuary is a warehouse of medicinal plants, with approximately 300 species in number.
♦ Some species are endemic to the area, such as Syzygium periyarensis (a tree), Habenaria periyarensis (an orchid) and Mucuna pruriense thekkadiensis (a climber)
♦ Mammals: Tiger, Elephant, Lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri Tahr etc.
♦ Birds: Darters, Cormorants, Kingfishers, the great Malabar Hornbill and racket-tailed Drongos.
♦ Reptiles: Monitor Lizards, Python, King Cobra etc.
♦ There are six tribal communities in the reserve, such as Mannans, Paliyans, Malayarayans, Mala Pandarams, Uralis and Ulladans.