New Underground Spider From Assam

08 July 2021 Current Affairs:Two species of spiders have been discovered in the Jharbari range of western Assam’s Chirang Reserve Forest. Both the species have been sharing the same space.

Highlights:
♦ Gravelyia boro is a newly determined burrow spider.
♦ Dexippus kleini is an oriental jumping spider. It has been recorded for the first time after it was firstly described 129 years in the past by using Swedish arachnologist, Tord Tamerlan Teodor Thorell. The spider was discovered by him about 2,600 km away in Sumatra.
♦ Both the spiders have been observed from Bodoland Territorial Region. They have been described in the ultra-modern issue of Acta Arachnological posted through the Arachnological Society of Japan.
♦ Gravelyia boro belongs to the Nemesiidae household that consists of 184 species worldwide.
♦ Dexippus kleini belongs to the Salticidae family which is the biggest family of all spiders on earth.
♦ The name of the burrow spider has been derived from the Bodo community which is one of the largest ethnolinguistic groups in Assam.
♦ Burrow spider lives underground some 10-15 cm under the sandy-loamy surface.
♦ Burrow with opening up to 1 cm wide were under cover of some herbs and shrubs.
♦ Jumping spider is a slow mover. But is successful in jumping up to 25 mm in length in search of prey.
♦ Jhabari Jumper is amongst few salticids that had been these days rediscovered in India after a century.

Inclusion of snake:
♦ A non-venomous snake was introduced to India’s herpetofauna via the crew of researchers from Mizoram University. It is about 50 cm long, darkish brown & yellow in colour. They are determined in dried-up areas of the Tuinghaleng riverbed in Aizawl. It is the 0.33 species of the Stoliczkia genus from India. The snake was named Stoliczkia vanhnuailianai, in honour of Vanhnuailiana who was a Mizo warrior. The common title of the snake is the Lushai Hills dragon snake.
 

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