New Marine Reptile Discovered

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01 December 2021 Current Affairs:Kyhytysuka sachicarum is a new marine reptile species discovered by an international team of researchers. It is an extinct species. 


  • It was identified from fossils found in central Columbia when earlier scientists believed it belonged to the Platypterygius genus. 
  • Recently, it was found that it is a different species, and it is now named Kyhytysuka sachicarum.
  • Kyhytysuka means “the one that cuts with something sharp”. The word belongs to the inherent language of central Columbia.
  • The new species has been named Kyhytysuka sachicarum to praise the Muisca culture of central Columbia. The Muisca are also called Chibcha. The Spanish defeated them in 1537 when they were mainly agrarians. They also extracted salt from the sea.


  • It was a mid-sized ophthalmosaurian. The Ophthalmosaurus is related to the Jurassic period.
  • It had extremely large sized eyes, a dolphin-shaped body and the jaws had many strong teeth.
  • It had several adaptations as it was a macro predatory vertebrate hunter, which means it hunted larger vertebrates. 
  • The species were primarily found in shallow waters.
  • The longest bone of the species is the dentary, which measures 720 mm. 
  • The dentition is the unique feature of the species as the teeth are seated in continuous grooves. 
  • The teeth are slightly curved posteriorly. Also, an alternating wave-like pattern is observed.

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