The new species of plant belongs to the Himalayan sunflower family. It has been named Cremanthodium indicum.
New Alpine Plant Species Founded in Arunachal Pradesh
25 February 2021 Current Affairs:A group of scientists from three research institutes discovered a new alpine plant in the Tawan area of Arunachal Pradesh. Detailed information is published in Biodiversity: The Journal of Biodiversity.
♦ The new species of plant belongs to the Himalayan sunflower family. It has been named Cremanthodium indicum. This plant usually blooms from July to August. It is unique to Penga-Teng Tso Lake in Tawang District.
♦ According to the IUCN guidelines, this alpine plant species has been listed as a critically endangered species.
♦ Plants that grow in alpine climates. Many plant species and taxa grow as plant communities on such alpine tundra, including perennial grasses, Forbs, sedges, mosses, cushion plants, and lichens. These plants are adapted to harsh alpine climatic conditions such as dryness, low temperature, wind, drought, ultraviolet rays, poorly-nourished soil and short growing seasons.
♦ Typical weather in the area above the forest line. Also called mountain climate or plateau climate.
♦ The tree line is the edge of the habitat where trees can grow. Tree lines can be found at high altitudes and high latitudes. Trees cannot tolerate environmental conditions beyond this range, such as extreme snow, low temperature, or lack of moisture.
♦ Tawang District is the smallest district among the 16 administrative districts in Arunachal Pradesh. Its population is 49,977, making the state the eighth least populated region in India. This area is where the Mongpa people live.