Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment MOXIE

23 April 2021 Current Affairs:The Perseverance rover of Mars 2020 Mission of NASA these days converted carbon dioxide into oxygen. This is the first time this has been completed in any other planet. This was once performed through MOXIE, an instrument placed in the front facet of the rover.

Highlights:
♦ MOXIE is Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilisation Experiment. It is a golden container placed in the front side of the rover.
♦ MOXIE is also called “Mechanical Tree”. This is because, it uses electricity and chemistry to cut up carbon molecules into carbon and oxygen. In due process, it produces carbon monoxide as a by product.
♦ MOXIE produced 5 grams of oxygen in its first run. It is equal to ten minutes of breathable oxygen for an astronaut performing a everyday activity.
♦ MOXIE is capable of producing ten grams of oxygen in one hour.
♦ MOXIE used to be designed by way of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
♦ It used to be built with nickel-alloy. The alloy is heat-resistant and is exact to tolerate temperatures of 1,470 ranges Fahrenheit.
♦ MOXIE used to be protected with gold coating so that the heat radiated does now not damage the rover.
♦ According to the scientists at MIT, one ton model of MOXIE is capable of producing twenty-five tonnes of oxygen.
♦ Earlier missions have proved the presence of ice in Mars. Scientists agree with that extracting oxygen from the Martian atmosphere, that is prosperous in carbon dioxide is extra feasible than extracting oxygen from ice that is present in its under surface.
♦ Perseverance landed on Mars on February 18, 2021. It carried the Ingenuity helicopter. The helicopter recently made its profitable flight. This used to be first flight in any other planet.
 

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