Many Endemic Species May Go Extinct Rise of GHG Emissions

13 April 2021 Current Affairs:A new study published in the journal Biological Conservation shows that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase, many plants and animals may face extinction.

Findings of the report:
♦ Due to climate change, all endemic species on the island are at high risk of extinction.
♦ Due to climate change, 4 out of 5 endemic species in mountainous areas are at high risk of extinction. 95% of marine species and 92% of terrestrial species will face a decline in numbers.
♦ In the tropics, more than 60% of endemic species are facing extinction due to climate change.
♦ By keeping the global heating mentioned in the revised Paris Agreement below 2 degrees Celsius, it will help save most species.
♦ According to research, if the global temperature rises by three degrees Celsius, one third of the endemic species living on land and half of the endemic species living in the ocean will face extinction. 
♦ At such temperatures, approximately 84% of species will become extinct in the mountainous areas. On these islands, 100% of all species will become extinct at these temperatures.
According to the report, the following will happen by 2050: If the current situation continues, by 2050, the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and the islands of the Western Ghats will lose most of their endemic plants. If greenhouse gas emissions increase, Madagascar and the Caribbean islands and other places will lose all their endemic plants by 2050.
According to the report, endemic species will be affected as follows: Endemic species are the most iconic plants and animals in the world. Species that are severely threatened by climate change are lemurs (especially lemurs endemic to Madagascar) and snow leopards. Compared with widely distributed species, this endemic species is 2.7 times more likely to become extinct under uncontrolled temperatures.


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