LiDAR Based Survey of Forest Areas

30 June 2021 Current Affairs:A detailed project report (DPR) based on LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) survey of forest areas in 10 states was released.
Ministry: Environment, Forests, and Climate Change.
Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, and Tripura are the ten mapped states.
WAPCOS was awarded the project in July 2020 at a cost of more than Rs. 18 crore for implementation in 26 states.

♦ It is a first-of-its-kind study that makes use of LiDAR technology.
♦ It will aid in the supplementation of water and fodder in jungle areas, thereby reducing human-animal conflict.
♦ States will receive funds from the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) to use in this project.
♦ In each of these states, one major ridge within a forest block is identified, with an average area of 10,000 ha selected.

Significance of the study:
♦ It will assist us in identifying areas that require groundwater recharge; 
♦ It will assist us in catching rainwater and preventing stream run-off; and 
♦ It will assist us in recommending various types of Soil & Water conservation structures.

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