Lakhs of Migratory Water Birds Arrived at The Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary

10 February 2021 Current Affairs:

In the winter of 2020-21, more than 100,000 migrating waterfowl will arrive at the Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Reserve in Himachal Pradesh. Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh.

Highlights:
♦ In 1975, the Pang Dam was built on the opposite bank of the Bis River. It is also called Pong Reservoir or Maharana Pratap Sagar.
♦ In 1983, the entire reservoir was declared a wildlife sanctuary by the Himalayas government.
♦ In 1994, the Indian government declared it a “wetland of national importance”. In November 2002, Pong Lake was declared a Ramsar wetland.
♦ The sanctuary can accommodate 220 species of birds of about 54 species. Throughout the winter, migratory birds from the Hindu Kush Himalayas to Siberia come here.
♦ The lake is fed by the Beas River and its perennial tributaries such as Gaj, Neogal, Binwa, Uhl, Bangana and Baner. There are about 22 species of fish in the lake, including rare fish such as Sal and Gad.
♦ There are about 22 species of fish in the lake, including rare fish such as Sal and Gad. The abundant water level of the lake makes it an ideal destination for indulging in water sports. The reserve is covered with tropical and subtropical forests, where many Indian wild animals live.

Other National Parks in Himachal Pradesh:
Greater Himalayan National Park: The Greater Himalayas National Park is located in the Banjaar district of Kullu District and was officially declared a national park in 1999. In 2014, Great Himalayan National Park was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its outstanding contribution to biodiversity conservation.
Pin National Park: Pin Valley National Park, located in Lahaul and Spiti districts, was established in 1987. Various endangered species such as snow leopards and Siberian ibex can find their natural habitats.
Inderkilla National Park: Inderkilla National Park is located in Kuru district of Himachal State and was established in 2010. Animals in the Himalayas, such as leopards, deer and birds, and even rare birds in summer, the types of insects are also different and can be seen from time to time.
Khirganga National Park: Khirganga National Park is located in Kuru and was established in 2010. The national park is located at an altitude of about 5500 meters, distributed in an area of about 710 square kilometers.
Simbalbara National Park: Simbalbara National Park is located in the Panta Valley of Sirmour District. It was established as Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary in 1958, covering an area of 19.03 square kilometers.

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