Kyasanur Forest Disease Discovered

24 May 2021 Current Affairs:A new point-of-care test for Kyasanur Forest Disease has been discovered to be highly sensitive in the rapid diagnosis of the disease.

Point-of-care Test:
♦ It was created by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Institute of Virology.
♦ It includes a battery-powered Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) analyzer, which is a portable, lightweight, and universal cartridge-based sample pre-treatment kit, as well as a nucleic acid extraction device that helps in sample processing at the point of care.
Kyasanur Forest Disease:
♦ It’s caused by the Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus (KFDV), which mostly affects humans and monkeys. 
♦ It was discovered in 1957 in a sick monkey from Karnataka’s Kyasanur Forest. Since then, 400-500 human cases have been reported per year.
♦ Eventually, KFD became a serious public health issue that spread throughout the entire Western Ghats.
♦ A tick bite or contact with an infected animal, particularly a sick or recently deceased monkey, can result in transmission to humans.
♦ Symptoms include chills, a frontal headache, body aches, and a high fever lasting five to twelve days, with a case fatality rate of 3 to 5%. 
♦ Monkey fever has no specific treatment. For KFD, there is a vaccine (Formalin inactivated KFDV vaccine) that is used in endemic areas of India. However, it has been discovered that vaccines are ineffective once a person is infected with fever.

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