April 13, 1919 was a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom. It was Baisakhi that day, which was a sumptuous festival that prevailed in Punjab and parts of northern India. The local residents of Amritsar decided to hold a meeting that day to discuss and protest the confinement of the two leaders Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew who fought for independence, as well as the Rowlatt Act”. Implementation, the law gives the British government the power to detain anyone who has not been approved. Trial.
There are men, women and children in the crowd. They all gathered in a park called Jallianwala Bagh. There were walls on all sides, but there were a few small gates, which violated British orders. The protest was a peaceful protest. The gathering included pilgrims going to the Golden Temple. They just passed the park, while some pilgrims did not come to protest. During the meeting, Brigadier General Readingard Edward Harry Dyer boarded the stage, wanted to teach a lesson to the public, and ordered the 90 soldiers he brought to open fire on the venue. Many people tried in vain to enlarge the size of the wall to escape. Many people jumped into the wells in the park.
Consequences: General Dyer, who was regarded as the “Butcher of Amritsar” after the massacre, was dismissed from his post and exiled to Britain. As a sign of condemnation, Rabindranath Tagore (Rabindranath Tagore) and Mahatma Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) gave up their British Knights and Kaiser-i-Hind gold medals, respectively. In 1922, the notorious Rowlatt Act was repealed by Britain.