Health Care Equity in Urban India Report

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23 November 2021 Current Affairs:In partnership with 17 regional NGOs in India, Azim Premji University has released a paper titled “Health Care Equity in Urban India.”

Highlights:
♦ The health vulnerabilities and inequalities in the cities across India is explored in the report.
♦ The availability, accessibility and healthcare facilities cost were also looked into in the report along with  possibilities in future-proofing services in the coming decade.
♦ Life expectancy for the poorest is lower by 9.1 years for men and 6.2 years for women compared to the richest.
♦ One third of Indians are living in urban areas. This observes a rapid growth from about 18% in 1960 to 28.53% in 2001 and reaching to 34% in 2019.
♦ Around 30% of people living in urban areas are poor and also find a heavy financial burden on the poor, and less investment by urban local bodies in healthcare.

Recommendations
♦ To strengthen community participation & governance
♦ To build a comprehensive & dynamic database on health & nutrition status
♦ To strengthen healthcare provisioning through National Urban Health Mission
♦ To put in place policy measures for reducing the financial burden of the poor.
♦ To set a mechanism for coordinated public healthcare services
♦ To govern private healthcare institutions in a better manner.

About The Report:
♦ The research is based on information gathered through in-depth meetings with civil society organisations in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Lucknow, Surat, Ranchi, Guwahati, and Delhi.
♦ An examination of ‘National Family and Health Surveys (NFHS)’, input from State-level health authorities in health care services, and the Census of India are also included in the data.
♦ This report discovered a disproportionate illness burden on the poor,and a haphazard urban health governance system.

 

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