Gharial Hatchlings Seen in Odisha

25 May 2021 Current Affairs:The Odisha State Forestry Department witnessed an adult Gharial, surrounded by 28 incubators in the Satkosia gorge of the Mahanadi River, which is considered the southernmost point of the gharial habitat in India. 

♦ The forest department has been working for 15 years to increase the number of piranhas in its natural habitat in Orissa. 
♦ For a long time, the National Forest Department has been working hard to increase the rookie population in its natural habitat in Orissa. However, it produced the expected results. 
♦ Therefore, the sight of mating piranhas and their larvae becomes very important. Gharial is also known as piranha or fish-eating crocodile and is a crocodile of the Gavialidae family. It is the longest of all living crocodiles. 
♦ Adult females are 2.6–4.5 m long, while males are 3–6 m long. They are called Gharial because they have an obvious boss at the end of the nose, similar to a clay pot or ghara. They are very suitable for catching fish.
♦ It is believed that the Gaelic River System evolved in the northern subcontinent of India. Because, the fossil gharial was collected from Pliocene sediments in Shivalik Hills and Narmada Valley. Currently, the Gharials live in rivers in the northern plains of the Indian subcontinent. They are the most thorough aquatic crocodiles. They only leave water for heating and build nests on wet sandbanks.
♦ Since the 1930s, the number of Gaelic people has declined sharply. It is now limited to 2% of its historical range. Due to sand mining, conversion of agriculture, reduction of fish resources and other reasons, habitat loss is occurring. 
♦ Nonetheless, India and Nepal have started conservation plans, focusing on the reintroduction of captive food ingredients. But since 2007, they have been listed as “critically endangered” in the IUCN Red List.

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