Four New Ramsar Sites – Wetlands of India

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16 August 2021 Current Affairs:Four more Indian sites – two every from Haryana and Gujarat – have been acknowledged as wetlands of global significance below the Ramsar Convention.

♦ Further, according to latest estimates through Wetlands International South Asia, almost 30% of the natural wetlands in India have been misplaced in the last three decades. Majorly, the loss of Wetlands is extra distinguished in Urban areas.
♦ Wetlands International of South Asia was established in the year 1996, with an office in New Delhi, as a section of the Wetlands International community to promote conservation and sustainable improvement of wetlands in the South Asia region.

New Ramsar Sites:
♦ The Ramsar Convention has specified four new wetlands in India, as wetlands of world importance.
♦ Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary which is the largest wetland in Haryana is a human-made freshwater wetland.
♦ Sultanpur National Park from Haryana helps more than 220 species of resident, iciness migratory and nearby migratory waterbirds at integral degrees of their existence cycles.
♦ The Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat lies on the Central Asian Flyway and more than 320 chook species can be found here.
♦ Wadhwana Wetland from Gujarat is internationally necessary for its birdlife as it provides a wintering floor to migratory waterbirds, such as over 80 species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway.
♦ These wetlands are home to endangered chook species like Egyptian Vulture, Saker Falcon, Sociable Lapwing, and the near-threatened Dalmatian Pelican.
♦ With this, the number of Ramsar websites in India is forty-six

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