Forgotten Kingdoms Excavated Saudi Arabia

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03 November 2021 Current Affairs:Saudi Arabia plans to explore the ‘five kingdoms’ associated with the Dadanite and Lihyanite civilizations.

♦ A team of French and Saudi archaeologists will excavate the site.
♦ Five neighboring sites associated with the Dadanite and Lihyanite civilizations will be excavated. Around 2000 years ago, both civilizations were significant regional powers.
♦ Until 100 CE, kingdoms lasted about 900 years. They were in charge of important trading routes, but nothing is known about them.
♦ Saudi Arabia launched Al Ula, a premier tourism destination, in the year 2019. It is a 2000-year-old city that the Nabateans cut into the rocks.
♦  It is notable for the magnificent Madain Saleh tombs. They were Arabs who lived before Islam and created Petra in Jordan.

Madain Saleh’s background
♦ Hegra is another name for Madain Saleh. It is an archaeological site in the Al-‘Ula district of the Medina Province in the Saudi Arabian Hejaz. 
♦ The majority of the relics date from the 1st century AD in the Nabataean Kingdom.
♦ UNESCO proclaimed Mada’in Saleh as a site of patrimony in the year 2008.
♦ The Madain Saleh was extensively established in the first century AD after it fell under the power of the Nabatean king Aretas IV Philopatris (Al-Harith IV).
♦  After Petra, he created Mada’in Saleh Saudi Arabia’s second capital.

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