First Dugong Conservation Reserve in Tamil Nadu

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07 September 2021 Current Affairs:The Government of Tamil Nadu announced its plan to set up 1st Dugong Conservation Reserve of India in the Palk Bay on the southeast coast.

♦ Dugong is an endangered marine mammal. Dugong is also known as Sea Cow. It is facing extinction due to the fact of habitat loss, sea pollution, and loss of seagrass.
♦ Dugong is discovered in the Gulf of Mannar and at Palk Bay in Tamil Nadu.
♦ Gulf of Mannar is a shallow bay place between south jap cease of Tamil Nadu and western Sri Lanka.
♦ With the assistance of neighborhood participation, the Government will also construct a Dugong Marine Conservation Reserve in the Gulf of Mannar & Palk Bay place to protect the species.
♦ Marine Conservation Reserve will be mounted over a location of 500km in Palk Bay.
♦ It is believed that, an estimated 200 humans stay in the Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar area which would largely benefit from Tamil Nadu government’s current selection to establish conservation reserve.
About Dugong: Dugong is a sea mammal and is the sole dwelling species of the order Sirenia. The mammal is restricted to coastal habitat because of seagrass, which is a primary section of its diet. They have a distinct dolphin-like tail, one-of-a-kind cranium form and enamel pattern. Its closest relative is Steller’s Sea cow, which obtained extinction in the eighteenth century. The IUCN has listed dugong as a “vulnerable to extinction species”. On the other hand, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species has restricted or banned the change of derived products.

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