First Cryptogamic Garden of India

16 July 2021 Current Affairs:The Chakrata town of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, was the site of India’s first cryptogamic garden. Nearly 50 species of lichens, ferns, and fungi will be housed in the garden (collectively known as Cryptogamae)

About Cryptogams:
♦ A cryptogam is a type of plant that reproduces via spores.
♦ The term “cryptogamae” means “hidden reproduction,” referring to the fact that they do not produce any reproductive structure, seed, or flower.
♦ As a result, they are referred to as “flowerless,” “seedless,” or “lower plants.”
♦ To survive, they require a moist environment.
♦ These can be found in both terrestrial and aquatic environments.
♦ The most well-known cryptogam groups are algae, bryophytes, lichens, ferns, and fungi.

Factors Responsible for Location of this Garden:
♦ At a height of 9,000 feet, this garden is located in Deoban, Chakrata.
♦ This location was chosen because of its low pollution levels and moist conditions that promote the growth of these species.
♦ In addition, Deoban has pristine majestic Deodar forests & Oak forests, creating natural habitats for cryptogamic species 

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