Elephants Died in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary

17 February 2021 Current Affairs:Six elephants died of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) in the Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary in the Kalahandi district of Odisha.

Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS):
♦ It is a disease that infects animals in contact with contaminated water or soil through infectious bacteria (Pasteurella multocida). In this disease, the respiratory tract and lungs of the animal are infected, resulting in severe pneumonia. It mainly affects water buffalo, cattle and bison, and has a high mortality rate among infected animals. About 40 buffaloes in Kendrapara, Odisha, died from this infection. The disease usually spreads around the monsoons.

Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary:
Location: It is located in the Kalahandi districts of Odisha, covering an area of more than 175 square kilometers.
Vegetation: Dry Deciduous Forest.
Mammals: Elephants, Leopards, Gaur, Sambar, Barking deer, Indian wolf, Malbar giant squirrel, Pangolin, etc.
Birds: Peacock, Hornbill, Red jungle fowl, etc.
Reptilians: Mugger, crocodile, monitor lizard etc.
Flora: Sal, Bija, Bamboo, medicinal plants, etc.
Water Body: Phurlijharan waterfall is located in the sanctuary.

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