The ESZ serves as a buffer for protected areas, reducing construction pressures around wildlife sanctuary and national parks.
About Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary:
♦ It is Maharashtra’s second marine sanctuary, after Malvan, and is located on the western bank of Thane Creek.
♦ The Bombay Natural History Society has designated it as a “Important Bird Area.”
♦ The TCFS is home to 39 mangrove species, 167 bird species such as flamingos, 45 fish species, 59 butterfly species, 67 insect species, and mammals such as jackals, among others.
Eco Sensitive Zone:
♦ Ecologically Fragile Areas (EFAs) or Eco Sensitive Zones (ESZs) are areas within 10 kilometres of Protected Areas, National Parks, and Wildlife Sanctuaries.
♦ Under the Environment Protection Act of 1986, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) notifies ESZs.
♦ The aim of the ESZs is to control certain activities around National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in order to reduce negative impacts on the delicate environment that surrounds the protected areas.