♦ The act of drawing or redrawing the boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country or province with a legislative body, according to the Election Commission.
♦ The delimitation process is overseen by the Delimitation Commission, an independent high-powered panel whose orders have the force of law and cannot be challenged in court.
♦ Goal: To ensure a fair division of geographical areas by providing equal representation to equal segments of the population.
Constitutional Basis for Delimitation:
♦ Article 82 – The Parliament enacts a Delimitation Act following each Census.
♦ Article 170: Following each Census, states are divided into territorial constituencies in accordance with the Delimitation Act.