Chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes Vijay Sampla

NCSC is a constitutional body dedicated to safeguarding the interests of the predetermined caste (SC) in India.

Chairman of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes Vijay Sampla

26 February 2021 Current Affairs:Vijay Sampla was appointed as the chairman of the National Committee of Scheduled Castes (NCSC).
Highlights:
♦ NCSC is a constitutional body dedicated to safeguarding the interests of the predetermined caste (SC) in India.
♦ Article 338 of the Indian Constitution concerns the committee: It stipulates the predetermined caste and the predetermined tribal national committee, whose duties are to investigate and monitor all matters related to the safeguards provided for it, investigate specific complaints, and participate in and provide advice on the planning process of its socio-economic development. The Constitution initially provided for the appointment of a special official under Article 338.
♦ Special officials are appointed as commissioners for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
♦ 65th Amendment in 1990: It replaced a membership system with a national hierarchical social committee (SC) and a national hierarchical tribe (ST) composed of members.
The Constitution (Article 65 Amendment) Act 1990 amended Article 338 of the Constitution.
♦ 89th Amendment, 2003: With this amendment, the former SC and ST National Committees were replaced by two independent committees in 2004: According to Article 338-A, the National Committee of the Scheduled Castes (NCSC) and the National Committee of the Scheduled Tribes (NCST).
Structure: It includes President, Vice Chairman. The other three members are appointed by the president with a warrant and stamp.
Features of NCSC:
♦ Monitor and investigate all issues related to the guarantees of the SC provided by the constitution.
♦ Investigate complaints about deprivation of SC rights and protections.
♦ Participate in SC’s socio-economic development plan and provide suggestions to it.
♦ Regularly report the implementation of these safeguards to the president of the country.
♦ It is recommended that measures be taken to further promote the socio-economic development and other welfare activities of the Standards Committee.
♦ Any other function of the welfare, protection, development and progress of the SC community.
♦ The committee is also required to perform the same functions as the Standards Committee for the Anglo-Indian Community.
♦ By 2018, the committee is also required to perform similar functions as other obsolete categories (OBC). Amendment No. 102 of 2018 exempts this responsibility.
Other Some Provisions for SCs:
♦ Article 15(4) refers to special provisions that promote these provisions.
♦ Article 16(4A) says: “Reserve posts promoted to any level in the state service to support SC/ST positions, and these positions are underrepresented in the state service.”
♦ Article 17 repealed Untouchability.
♦ Article 46 requires the state “to pay special attention to promoting the educational and economic benefits of disadvantaged groups, especially the untouchable castes and untouchable tribes, and to protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
♦ Article 330 and Article 332 of the Constitution stipulate that the seats of the castes and tribes listed in the schedule are reserved in the People’s Chamber and the National Legislative Assembly, respectively.
♦ According to Part IX concerning Panchayats and Part IXA of the Constitution concerning municipalities, reservations to SC and ST in local institutions have been envisaged and provided.

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