Indian Maritime Summit to be held in Delhi from March 2 to March 4.
Chabahar Day Commemorated on March 4 by India
05 March 2021 Current Affairs:The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) – India will commemorate the “Chabahar Day” on March 4, 2021, before the 2021 Indian Maritime Summit to be held in Delhi from March 2 to March 4.
♦ The virtual event will witness the participation of ministers from various countries which includes Afghanistan, Iran, Armenia, Russia, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
♦ During the event; Minister of Foreign Affairs S Jaishankar will deliver a speech at the opening ceremony at the ministerial level, while Mansukh Mandaviya, Minister of State of the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways will deliver a keynote speech.
♦ After the ministerial opening meeting, two webinars will be held, namely “Promoting Business Development through Trade Promotion and Regional Connectivity” and “Development of Port Infrastructure: Unleashing Opportunities”.
♦ Chabahar Port is a sea port in Chabahar, located in the Gulf of Oman in southeastern Iran. The port is the only maritime port in Iran. The port consists of two independent ports, namely Shahid Beheshti and Shahid Kalantari. The port was first proposed by the last king of Iran in 1973. The first phase was opened during the 1983 Iran-Iraq War.
♦ India and Iran: India and Iran first agreed in 2003 to further develop the Shahid Beheshti port. However, the plan was unsuccessful due to various sanctions imposed on Iran. The two countries signed a bilateral agreement again in May 2016. According to the agreement, India will renovate a berth at the Shahid Beheshti port and rebuild a 600-meter-long container handling facility at the port. The port also seeks to provide India with an alternative trade route between India and Afghanistan. This is because the port is 800 kilometers closer to the Afghan border than the port of Karachi. The port has strategic advantages and has great potential to provide connectivity between India, Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and other Commonwealth countries.