Black Carbon Report by World Bank

08 June 2021 Current Affairs:According to the report “Glaciers of the Himalayas: Climate Change, Black Carbon, and Regional Resilience,” glaciers in the Himalayas are melting faster than the global average ice mass. A tough stance on black carbon can significantly reduce glacier melt.
The World Bank has released a report. The report included coverage of the Himalayas, Karakoram, and Hindu Kush (HKHK) mountain ranges.

Highlights:
♦ Black Carbon (BC) is a pollutant with a short lifetime.
♦ It is the second largest cause of global warming after carbon dioxide (CO2).
♦ Unlike other greenhouse gas emissions, BC is quickly washed out of the atmosphere and can be eliminated if emissions are reduced.
♦ It has two effects on the rate of glacier melt:
♦ By lowering the surface reflectance of sunlight.
♦ By increasing the temperature of the air
♦ Full implementation of current BC mitigation policies can achieve a 23% reduction, but enacting new policies and regional cooperation among countries can yield even greater benefits.
♦ In India, one such policy is the National Mission on Sustaining Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE). It is one of eight missions outlined in the National Climate Change Action Plan (NAPCC).

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