Black-bellied Coral Snakes in the Forests of Uttarakhand

03 July 2021 Current Affairs:Indian researchers have identified Black-bellied Coral snakes in the forests of Uttarakhand for the first time in history. 

♦ The snake is associated with the Elapidae family and Sinomicrurus genus. Its scientic name is S. nigriventer. 
♦ The snake was observed in the Bhadraj Block of Benog Wildlife Sanctuary in the Mussoorie Forest Division. 
♦ At present, there are 107 species of coral snakes in the world. In India, only 7 coral snake species are found.
♦ As per the report by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare on the management of snakebite, there are more than 2000 species of snakes in the world. 
♦ About 300 of these species are found in India, of which fifty-two are venomous. Venomous snakes of India belong to three families ‘Elapidae’, ‘Viperidae’ and Hydrophidae’ (sea snakes).
♦ All snakes are protected with the aid of the law. Cobra, Rat snakes, and Checkered keelback are included in Schedule II of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, and the relaxation are blanketed via Schedule IV. 
♦ Snakes are essential for clinical reasons and ecological regions. They maintain the food web in balance and their venoms are used to make antivenoms.

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