According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, 29 of the 41 endangered medicinal plants found in Odisha were found in the biosphere reserve.
Biosphere Reserve at Mahendragiri
31 March 2021 Current Affairs:The Odisha government has proposed the establishment of a second biosphere reserve in Mahendragri in the southern part of the state, which is a hilly ecosystem with rich biodiversity.
♦ The Similipal Biosphere Reserve, covering an area of 5,569 square kilometers, was the first such reserve in Odisha and was notified on May 20, 1996.
♦ The proposed Mahendragiri Biosphere Reserve covers an area of approximately 470,955 hectares, distributed in the Gajapati and Ganjam areas of the Eastern Ghats.
♦ The hilly ecosystem is the transition zone between the flora and fauna of southern India and the Himalayas, making the area an ecological estuary for genetic diversity.
♦ This is based on the feasibility report prepared by the Biosphere Reserve Committee for the proposed project.
♦ Mahendragiri is inhabited by the Soura, a particularly vulnerable tribal group and the Kandha tribe.
♦ According to the report of the proposed ahendragiri biosphere reserve, the vegetation of these hills is diverse. The rich flora of Mahendragiri represents 40% of the reported flora in Odisha, with approximately 1,358 species of plants.
♦ According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, 29 of the 41 endangered medicinal plants found in Odisha were found in the biosphere reserve.