Russian scientists launched one of the world’s largest underwater neutrino telescopes called Baikal-GVD (Gigaton volume detector).
Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) – Russia
03 April 2021 Current Affairs:Russian scientists launched one of the world’s largest underwater neutrino telescopes called Baikal-GVD (Gigaton volume detector) in the waters of Lake Baikal, the deepest Siberian lake in the world.
♦ Together with IceCube in the South Pole and ANTARES in the Mediterranean, it is one of the three largest neutrino detectors in the world.
♦ It attempts to study in detail the elusive elementary particles called neutrinos and possibly determine their source.
♦ Neutrinos were first proposed by the Swiss scientist Wolfgang Pauli in 1930. They are the second most occurring particle in the universe, second only to the particle photons that make up light.
♦ In fact, neutrinos are so abundant among us that more than 100 trillion neutrinos pass directly through each of us every second-we never even noticed them.
♦ Since some neutrinos were formed during the Big Bang, and some neutrinos continued to be formed due to supernova explosions or the nuclear reaction of the sun, studying this will help scientists understand the origin of the universe.