Art And Surrogacy Bill Passed In Rajya Sabha
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10 December 2021 Current Affairs:On December 8, 2021, the Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill was passed in Lok Sabha.
National and State Boards
- The Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill was recently passed in the Lok Sabha which intends to regulate ART but then referred the bill to a standing committee.
- ART covers all methods that are used to get pregnant. The procedures shall incorporate handling oocytes (immature eggs) or sperms outside the body.
- It shall also involve giving the embryo into the woman’s body.
- The ART services shall cover the following: Donation of sperm or oocytes, In – Vitro Fertilisation – fertilizing an egg and a sperm in the lab, Gestational Surrogacy – child carried by biological mother or surrogate mother.
- The bill states that every ART bank or clinic should be listed under the National Registry of Banks and Clinics of India. The bill will authorize the National Registry.
- The registry will act as a database holding details of the hospitals and banks providing ART services.
- The clinics and banks shall become available to get registered after they attain specific criteria.
- These criteria are related to physical infrastructure, specialized workforce, diagnostic facilities, etc. The registration is legitimate for five years.
- Only a designated bank or clinic shall receive and save the semen.
- The semen can be obtained only from males between the age of 21 years and 55 years.
- The oocytes shall be obtained only from females between the age of 23 years and 35 years.
- The oocyte woman should be married. Also, she should have at least one alive child of her own, and the child should be at least three years old.
- The bank should not supply the gamete of a single donor to more than one couple.
- For first-time offenders, the bill stipulates a penalty of Rs. 5 lakhs to Rs. 10 lakhs.
- Subsequent violations include a sentence of 8 to 12 years in prison and a fine of Rs. 10 to Rs. 20 lakh.
- Any Clinic or Bank that advertises or offers Sex-Selective ART will be sentenced to 5-10 years in prison or a fine ranging from Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 25 lakh, or both.
National and State Boards
The bill authorizes National and State Boards for surrogacy. The powers and functions of the boards are as follows:
- To advise the central government on ART-associated policies.
- To review and monitor the implementation of the act.
- To formulate a code of conduct and standards for ART clinics and banks.
- To oversee various bodies that are established under the act.