Vulture Toxic Drugs Banned in Bangladesh

24 February 2021 Current Affairs:

Bangladesh has become the first country to ban the painkiller ketoprofen. This painkiller is widely used to treat cattle. But this painkiller is poisonous to vultures.

Highlights:
♦ As early as ten years ago, veterinarians had banned diclofenac. This is a landmark move aimed at saving the remaining global threatened vultures.
♦ Experts say that India, Pakistan, Nepal and Cambodia also need to take similar steps to save the bald eagle population.
♦ The SAVE report of the Condor from Extinction in Asia states that ketoprofen is now widely used as a major anti-inflammatory drug by veterinarians in Bangladesh. However, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as diclofenac and ketoprofen are the main threats to South Asian condors. These drugs caused a catastrophic decline of 99.9% in the area.
♦ The Indian government banned the use of diclofenac for veterinary purposes in 2006. However, due to the use of other toxic drugs, this step is not effective. In December 2020, Oman became the first country on the Arabian Peninsula to ban the use of diclofenac in the animal kingdom to protect endangered species such as baldness.

About Indian Vulture:
The scientific name of Vulture is Gyps indicus. This type of Indian vulture is native to India, Pakistan and Nepal. It breeds in the hilly areas of central India and the peninsula. In the mid-1990s, the populations of 3 out of 9 species of vultures in India decreased by 90%. These vultures were white-billed vultures, bald eagles with long bills, and bald eagles with slender bills. Since 2002, the condor has been listed as “critically endangered” on the IUCN Red List.

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