The Chief Minister of Assam, Sarbanada Sonowal, provided 400,000 rupees to about 1,279 surrendered cadres of the National Democratic Front in Bodoland.
♦ The Bodoland National Democratic Front is an armed separatist who seeks to fight for the sovereignty of the people of Bodo. The Indian government has designated the Bodoland National Democratic Front as a terrorist organization.
♦ NDFB is a militant organization founded in 1986. The organization has launched several attacks against non-Bodo civilians. NDFB mainly targets the Munda, Santhal and Oraon tribes. These tribesmen were taken by the British to work as tea workers in Assam.
♦ In the 1990s, NDFB established 12 refugee camps on the Bhutan-Assam border. The Bhutanese government launched the “Full Transparency Operation” to drive them out of the Bhutan border. Operation Bajrang and Operation Rhino were launched by the Indian Government against separatist groups in Assam.
♦ All the Bodo Student Union, the government of Assam and the Bodoland National Democratic Front signed the 2020 “Bodo Peace Agreement”. After the agreement was reached, the Indian government announced a 15 billion rupees package for the Bodo region of Assam.
♦ In the 27-year conflict, the Indian government and the Bodo tribe signed three agreements. In 1993, an agreement was signed with the All Bodo Student Union and the Bodoland Autonomous Council was established. Bodo Liberation Tigers Agreement was signed in 20023
Bodos is the largest tribal community in Assam. They account for 5% to 6% of the population of the state. They are part of the Bodo-Kachari family that spread across northeastern India. They speak the Boro language. The Boro language is considered one of the 22 languages in the Indian Constitution. In the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, the Bodo people are considered plain tribes.