Iran notified the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) that it intends to produce uranium enriched up to 20% purity, far exceeding the threshold set by the 2015 Vienna Accord (also known as JCPOA).
♦ Commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program reached in Vienna on July 14, 2015, between Iran and the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council-China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany) together with the European Union.
♦ According to JCPOA, Iran agreed to eliminate its enriched uranium stocks, reduce its low-enriched uranium stocks by 98%, and reduce its gas centrifuges by about two-thirds within 13 years.
♦ In 15 years, Iran will only enrich uranium up to 3.67%. Iran agreed not to build any new heavy-water facilities during the same period.
♦ Uranium enrichment activities are limited to a single facility using the first-generation centrifuge for 10 years. Other facilities will be modified to avoid proliferation risks.
♦ To monitor and verify Iran’s compliance with the agreement, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will regularly use all Iran’s nuclear facilities.
♦ The agreement stipulates that in return for verifiable compliance with its commitments, Iran will receive relief from the U.S., European Union, and UNSC nuclear-related sanctions.
♦ On 5th January, 2020, after the airstrike on the Baghdad Airport that targeted and killed Iranian General Qassem Soleimani, Iran announced that it would no longer comply with the restrictions of the agreement, but would continue to coordinate with the IAEA to restore compliance.