International Bharathi Festival 2020 was organized by the Vanavil Cultural Center to celebrate the 138th birthday of Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi, and Scholar Shri Seeni Viswanathan won the Bharati Award 2020.
He is widely known as “MahakaviBharathi” and is a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independent activist, social reformer and polyglot. He fought for the liberation of women, opposed child marriage, and advocated the reform of Brahmanism and religion. Bharati as a young man and began his career in 1904 as a journalist and associate editor in “Swadesamitran”. He launched the weekly “India” in May 1906. It declared the three slogans of the French Revolution: Freedom, Equality and Fraternity.
“India” was the 1st paper in Tamil Nadu to publish political cartoons. Bharati opposed the caste system. He took a series of revolutionary measures to challenge orthodoxy by decorating many Dalits in Tamil Nadu on upanayana (sacred thread). Bharati advocated & ensured entry of Dalits into temples. He visualized “woman” as Shakti or Power. Bharati also published the cover of “Chakravarthini” magazine in 1906, which focused on empowering Indian women.
He also advocated and campaigned women’s participation in politics, their rights and education. The Bharati Award was instituted by the Vanavil Cultural Center in 1994 and is awarded every year to outstanding individuals who have made outstanding contributions in any field related to society and who have worked hard to realize Bharati’s dream.