♦ The Wetland Conservation and Management Centre (CWCM) will be established by the central government in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
♦ The conservation center will become part of the national sustainable coastal management center. This national center is an agency under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.
♦ CWCM will play an important role in designing and implementing regulatory frameworks and policies. It will also facilitate monitoring, management planning, and targeted research to protect wetlands. The protection center will also act as a knowledge center.
♦ It will enable communication among wetland authorities, managers, wetland researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and users in each state or Union territory. The center will further help establish networks and relevant international and national institutions.
♦ Wetland is a unique ecosystem submerged by water. They are inundated permanently or seasonally. In such an ecosystem, anaerobic processes dominate.
♦ Wetlands contribute to water purification, water storage, carbon treatment, and coastline stability. It also provides support for plants and animals. They are the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems. They naturally exist on every continent, and the water in the tank can be freshwater, brackish water, or saltwater.
♦ India has 42 Ramsar wetlands that have been designated as internationally important wetlands. They account for approximately 4.6% of India’s land area.
♦ In order to protect the wetlands, February 2 is designated as World Wetland Day. In 2021, this day marks the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The convention was signed in Ramsar, Iran in 1971.