To commemorate the former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s birth anniversary, every year, 25th December is celebrated as Good Governance Day.
♦ The Good Governance Day aims to create awareness of accountability in government among the citizens of India.
♦ Governance is the decision-making process and the process of implementing (or not implementing) decisions.
♦ Governance can be used in many contexts, such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance, and local governance.
♦ Eight Characteristics of Good Governance, as identified by the United Nations, are:
– Participation, the rule of law, Transparency, Responsiveness, Consensus orientation, Equity, Effectiveness and Efficiency, Accountability
♦ Challenges to Good Governance in India:
– Women Empowerment, Corruption, Delay in Justice
Centralization of Administrative System, Criminalization of Politics, Environmental security, sustainable development, Challenges of globalization, liberalization and market economy
♦ Initiatives Taken by Government are:
– Good Governance Index, National e-Governance Plan, Right to Information Act,2005
– Other Initiatives are: Setting up NITI Aayog, Make in India programme, Lokpal, etc.