The Karnataka Forest Service and the Bat Conservation Foundation of India (BCIT) are preparing to save the Koala leaf-nosed bat from extinction. BCIT is a non-profit organization whose mission is to protect bat species in India by protecting their habitat. Its headquarters is located in Bangalore, Karnataka.
Kolar Leaf-Nosed Bat:
♦ Scientific Name: Hipposideros hypophyllus
♦ It is endemic to India. It is presently known only from one cave in Hanumanahalli village in Kolar district, Karnataka.
♦ Threats: Habitat loss from land use change, hunting, and stone quarrying in the region. Until a few years ago, Koala leaf-nosed bats were only found in two caves in Hanumanahalli village. For unknown reasons, the bat was locally extinct in one of the two caves.
♦ Protection Status – IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered
– Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: It has not been accorded legal protection under the Act.
♦ The government has notified 30 acres around the cave as a protected area.
♦ Any development work here, including the construction of new infrastructure, requires permission from the National Wildlife Commission.
♦ The Bat Conservation Foundation of India has received a grant to conduct further research on the bat.
♦ It is carrying out awareness-raising campaigns in nearby communities. They have learned about the threats to species and are beginning to protect this area from harm.